Definitions

 

Definitions

‘Trailer’ is a trailer with one or more axles, which is meant to be coupled to a tractor unit or to a dolly; it is transported to the port of loading by the Contracting Shipper’s tractor unit, then on a vessel to the port of destination by the Carrier, and from there by the Consignee’s tractor unit. In these Shipping Terms, the term “trailer” also means other equivalent wheeled largesized unit load.

‘Container’ is a container as defined in the Container Safety Convention (CSC). In these Terms ‘a container’ also means a demountable body as defined in the EU standards, or other largesized unit load which can be handled similarly to a container, which is on a flat and which the Carrier has accepted to transport.

‘Conventional means of cargo handling’ is a method of cargo handling in which the cargo is lifted over the vessel’s rail either by a crane on land or by a crane on board the vessel. ‘Means of transport’ is a means of transport used is land transport such as a truck, train or other corresponding vehicle.

‘Contracting Shipper’ is that party of the Contract of Carriage who has made a contract with the Carrier for the carriage of goods by sea. Usually the Contracting Shipper acts either as the actual shipper or the Consignee, or as their principal. In these Shipping Terms, the term ‘Contracting Shipper’ means the Contracting Shipper as defined in Chapter 13, Carriage of Goods, of the Finnish maritime Code, or, depending on the circumstances, the charterer in a voyage charter.

‘Carrier’ is that party of the Contract of Carriage who has undertaken to perform a carriage on terms agreed with the Contracting Shipper. It covers also any person or company acting on his behalf. In these Shipping Terms, the term ‘Carrier’ means the Carrier as defined in Chapter 13, Carriage of Goods, of the Finnish Maritime Code, or, depending on the circumstances, the Carrier in a voyage charter.

‘Roll-on/roll-off transport’ is any transportation done on a roro-unit.

‘Large-sized unit load’ is a largesized, mechanically handled unit of transport which often consists of smaller units of transport. In the Gate Term and the C/Y Term, the large-sized unit load is a unit load similar to a container and which can be handled in the same manner. In the Trailer Term, the mentioned large-sized unit load is a large, wheeled unit load similar to a trailer.

‘Stipulated time’ is the time within which the Contracting Shipper or the Carrier must deliver the goods to the other party. It can be an exact point of time, a date or a period of time e.g. a week. If it is not separately agreed, the Carrier defines or gives notice when or by which time the Contracting Shipper must deliver the goods to the Carrier in the port of loading, or the Consignee must take delivery of the goods in the port of discharge. In the port of loading, the aforementioned defining, giving notice or agreeing takes place between the Carrier and the Contracting Shipper or the Shipper. In the port of discharge, it takes place usually between the Carrier and the Consignee.

‘Goods’ in these Shipping Terms means also an article of transport (a container, a flat etc.) which the Contracting Shipper has provided and on which the goods have been loaded.

‘Rent-free period’ is the time granted by port and/or port operator for preparing the handling of goods, containers or trailers before loading or after discharge.

‘Warehouse’ is a shed, a storage yard or terminal or, in container transport, a container yard or a container freight station in a port.

‘Consignee’ is the one, who, on grounds of the Contract of Carriage, the transport document or the law, has the right to take delivery of the goods from the Carrier in the port of destination. The obligations and liabilities of other parties but those mentioned in these Shipping Terms are determined on the basis of the applicable law.