Safety is one of the most important environmental aspects in shipping. The land-based ship management organisation and all the ships are certified in accordance with the ISM Code (International Management Code for the Safe Operation of Ships and for Pollution Prevention). All ships and port facilities also comply with the requirements of the ISPS Code (International Ship and Port Facility Security Code).
The ships are regularly inspected and audited by the maritime administration, classification societies and by in-house auditors. To be prepared for safety and environmental risks, regular drills are held both internally and with authorities, such as the coast guard, border guard and local city rescue departments.
In ports, stevedoring companies have safety systems, including communication and contingency plans in case of an accident. Ports are equipped to respond to fires and oil and chemical spills.