The objective of Finnlines’ environmental policy is to provide safe, top-quality services while making efforts to minimise the environmental impacts in every aspect of operations. In comparison with other transport modes, shipping is energy-efficient, with lower CO2 emissions. Transferring the carriage of goods from road to sea also reduces congestion and noise on roads.
All Finnlines-owned vessels are incorporated in the environmental certificate, which complies with the ISO 14 001:2004 standard. External and internal environmental audits were held in 2014. Finnsteve companies hold a valid ISO 14 001 environmental certificate and an ISO 9001 quality certificate.
In 2014 Finnlines started to implement its extensive EUR 100 million Environmental Technology Investment Programme. During 2015 the programme included the installation of 15 exhaust gas scrubbers as well as the reblading of six ships. Also, all six vessels have been fitted with rudder bulbs as part of the propulsion system upgrade together with the reblading and two ships have been treated with special foul release coating (“silicon paint”). The investment programme and the installations will continue in 2016. These measures are expected to improve the fuel economy of the ships. This benefits both the environment and the Company. Finnlines has one of the youngest fleets in the Baltic Sea and it is one of the best equipped shipping companies in terms of technological innovation.
In 2015, Finnlines’ vessel traffic consumed 301,829 tons of heavy fuel oil and diesel oil, representing a decrease of over 8 per cent compared with 2014. In 2015, the fuel consumption of the port operations totalled some 746 tons, which includes the operations in Helsinki, Turku and Naantali, an increase of around 8 per cent compared with 2014.
Together with competent waste management companies, efforts have been made to minimise the amount of waste that is deposited in landfills. The main recyclable waste types generated on board include energy waste, bio waste, glass, paper, cardboard, wood, and metal. Hazardous waste, including oil waste, oily filters, paint, and electronic scrap, is separated and taken to a designated container in the port.
MARPOL contains restrictions concerning black water, i.e. toilet water. Finnlines’ ro-pax vessels land black water to onshore municipal sewage systems whenever they are accessible. Tank vehicles are used where reception facilities are not provided. There are no restrictions on the discharge of grey water, i.e. water from kitchens and showers, but Finnlines pumps grey water to the shore-based sewage systems. Cargo ships are equipped with sewage treatment plants approved by the flag-state administration.