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Overview

Gate term

The object in the Gate Term is break bulk goods or a container or other large-sized unit load which can be handled in a similar manner. The Gate Term imposes the least obligation on the Contracting Shipper. In loading, he hands the goods over to the Carrier by delivering them at the time stipulated on a means of transport to the unloading point. The Carrier discharges the goods from an arriving vehicle and places them in a warehouse or loads them on board a vessel. The Contracting Shipper must provide packaging and mark the goods duly and load them on a means of transport in such a manner that they can be handled in a customary way.

The Carrier bears all the costs after the Contracting Shipper has, at the time stipulated, delivered the goods and made it possible for the Carrier to discharge the means of transport, until the time when the Carrier has fulfilled his obligation to deliver the goods. The Carrier is liable for damages to the goods only after he has, within the stipulated time, taken physical charge of the goods. If the Carrier fails to take delivery of the goods within the stipulated period, he has to bear all costs and risk thereafter. The liability is no longer his, when he has fulfilled his ob- ligation to deliver the goods.

In discharging, the Carrier hands the goods over to the Consignee in accordance with the contract between the Contracting Shipper and the Carrier, either by delivering the goods on the loading bay of a warehouse in the port of destination, ready to be loaded on a means of transport (Gate Term), or loaded on a means of transport named by the Consignee (Gate Term, loaded).

The Gate Term can be used also in container traffic when the Contracting Shipper hands the container over to the Carrier by delivering it in his means of transport to the port area and the Carrier lifts the container from the vehicle which has arrived. The Carrier hands the loaded container over to the Consignee by loading it on the means of transport which has come to fetch the container.

Trailer term

The object in the Trailer Term is usually a smi-trailer, but sometimes also a full trailer or other wheeled unit. The Contracting Shipper brings the trailer, within the stipulated time, by a vehicle to the loading area in the port of loading. The Carrier checks the arriving unit at the gate of the port of loading or in the loading area.

The Carrier directs the trailer, or other corresponding wheeled unit, to the place named by him and after that he bears all risks of it. The Contracting Shipper bears cost of lay time until the Carrier transfers the trailer on board a vessel

The Carrier bears all risks of the trailer until the Contracting Shipper collects it. The Contracting Shipper bears costs of lay time.

In the port of discharge, the Carrier hands over the trailer, or other similar wheeled unit, to the Consignee by delivering it to the unloading area in the port area from where the Consignee fetches it.

The Carrier might check the unit in the port of destination before the unit is removed from the port area.

Warehouse term

According to the Warehouse Term, the Contracting Shipper hands over the goods and the Carrier takes delivery of them from the Contracting Shipper in a warehouse in the port of load ing. The Carrier hands the goods over to the Consignee in a warehouse in the port of discharge. The costs and the liability for damages are divided between the parties at the moment of delivery.

The Warehouse Term has two options: roll-on/roll-off transports and other methods of transport. In roll-on/rolloff transports, the Contracting Shipper delivers the goods to the Carrier to the terminal in the port of loading, loaded on a roro-unit. In other methods of transport, the Contracting Shipper hands over the goods in a warehouse in the port of loading when the Carrier takes physical charge of the goods. In the port of discharge, the Carrier delivers the goods in roll-on/roll-off transports on a roro-unit to a warehouse in the port or to a storage yard. In other methods of transport, he delivers them on the floor of the warehouse or to a storage yard.

C/Y term

According to the Y/C Term, the Contracting Shipper hands the loaded container, or other large-sized unit load handled similarly to a container, over to the Carrier in the port of loading when the Contracting Shipper (in practice, the terminal operator acting on his behalf) delivers the container to the container yard to the place named by the Carrier (= the operator acting on his behalf). The handing over must take place within the stipulated time.

In the port of discharge, the Carrier hands the container over to the Consignee when the Consignee (the operator acting on his behalf) takes, within the stipulated time, physical charge of the container which the Carrier (the operator acting on his behalf) has delivered to the warehouse in the container yard.

Ship term

In the Ship Term, the Contracting Shipper delivers the goods on board a vessel. The delivery might also include stowing the goods and securing them to the vessel. The costs are divided and the liability for damages is passed when the goods are delivered on board the vessel in the agreed manner. Correspondingly, the Carrier hands the goods in the port of discharge, to be unloaded from a vessel, over to the Consignee, and this is the time when the costs are divided and the liability for damages is passed to the Consignee in the port of discharge alongside the vessel.

When loading and unloading are carried out in accordance with the Ship Term, they in practice equal with free in and free out.